Mount Tambora is an active volcano on the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia. It was said to be the largest known eruption in historic times. On April 10, 1815, Mount Tambora produced one of the largest eruptions in recorded history, spewing so much ash into the atmosphere that it caused global cooling. Ships had to plow through it to get from place to place. What kind of boundary was the one that formed Mount Tambora? But the lava can provide valuable resources. A rare visit to its imposing caldera requires stamina, care and all the water you can carry This raised Mount Tambora as high as 4,300 m (14,100 ft), making it one of the tallest peaks in the Indonesian archipelago in the 18th century. These are the sources and citations used to research Mount Tambora Volcano Bibliography. Its current summit elevation is around 9,350 feet (Smithsonian Institute). 4000 Eruption of Mount Tambora VEI 7 eruption (USGS) [[Image:|235px|center|]]' Volcano Mount Tambora Date November 5, 4000 Time 2000 UTC Eruption type Ultra-Plinian Location N/A Fatalities 6,500 Damages$7 billion (2017 USD) Other impacts Pyroclasts, Ash Falls, some lavaflows, global temps cooled by 0.9C File:Image.jpg What type of volcano is it? Tambora. Andrews, T. and Andrews, T. A volcanic eruption in 1815 proved even small changes in climate have disastrous global results 2017. How many people died? 300. Some reports claim that the eruption trigged small earthquakes.10. Primary - Immediate effects of the eruption. Geography: Mount Tambora is a quite active volcano. It is a huge risk to live near a volcano, because if the volcano erupts, you can be killed because of the molten lava. It was the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history. Tambora is in Indonesia, Indonesia is a chain of thousands of islands that stretch from southeast Asia to Australia. Mount Tambora was originally thought to be an extinct volcano.7. what type of volcano is tambora (like andesitic, rhyolite, .ect)? Enormous volumes of pyroclastic flow followed by caldera collapse created an up to 10m wall of water that devastated the Indonesian shoreline. 200. Continuous tremor was recorded on 29 and 30 August. 300. How high was the tsunami that hit Indonesia's islands? Frankenstein. The latest eruption was in the year of 1967. Its eruption in 1815 is the most powerful volcanic eruption in recorded history and is considered one of the greatest natural disasters ever to befall mankind. It lies approximately 210 miles north of the Java Trench and is flanked to the north and south by oceanic crust. But the disaster is little remembered, primarily because of lack of media. Mount Tambora is known as "Pompeii Indonesia". Convergent. A lava dome is when thick lava creates oddly shaped mounds that increases when lava piles on top one another. Tambora volcano in Indonesia has been raised to level 2 alert (out of maximum 4) on 30th August 2011 after an increase in volcanic earthquakes. With over 8,000 inhabited islands and thousands of beaches, Indonesia offers a lot to experience, including the venerable volcano known as Mount Tambora. Tambora erupted in 1815 with a rating of seven on the Volcanic Explosivity Index, making it the largest eruption since the Lake Taupo eruption in about 180CE. To the south-east of the volcano lies the Sanggar peninsula, which is a part of Tambora. What kind of boundary was the one that formed Mount Tambora? Mount Tambora has caused more destruction than any other volcano.11. This NASA Landsat mosaic shows the 6-km-wide caldera at the top of the 2,850-m-high summit. Mount Tambora (or Tomboro) is an active stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, on Sumbawa island, Indonesia. Mount Tambora Introduction People have lived near volcanoes for a long time. Mount Tambora is still considered an active volcano today, and since its 1815 eruption there has been three dates of recorded activity. This killed tens of thousands of people around the world. Examples of this include eruptions in 1809, in the Pacific Ocean, and an 1812 eruption on the Caribbean island of Saint Vincent. Dompu & Bima. On this day in April 1815, on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa just east of Java and Bali, the 14,000-foot-high Mount Tambora exploded and collapsed upon itself. Mount Tambora ejected so much ash and aerosols into the atmosphere that the sky darkened and the Sun was blocked from view. Start studying Volcano Project 2016 ( Mount Tambora). There are both positive and negative influences about living near a volcano. Added to this was the impact of an 1813 eruption in Japan and another 1814 eruption in the Philippines. The island nation is being shorn across and it is overlapping the plate to the south, the Australian Plate. There are reports that several feet of ash was floating on the ocean surface in the region. 4 m. 200. 300. What famous story was written because of the 1815 eruption? Dompu & Bima. Mount Tambora, located on the Island of Sumbawa, Indonesia is classified as a Stratovolcano. Stratovolcano. Website. If you look closely on the map, you can actually see Mount Tambora's crater. Mount Tambora (or Tamboro) is an active stratovolcano which is a peninsula of the island of Sumbawa in Indonesia.Sumbawa is flanked both to the north and south by oceanic crust, and Tambora was formed by the active subduction zone beneath it. Enormous volumes of pyroclastic flow followed by caldera collapse created an up to 10m wall of water that devastated the Indonesian shoreline. Later eruptions have been smaller. 4 m. 200. It is not a simple answer of this plate or that boundary. Indonesia is a geological feast served up on four different tectonic plates. Convergent. What 2 cities are nearest to it? Only a few hundred people a year reach the top, by walking through thick jungle and along narrow paths. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Monday, March 6, 2017. Tambora, Indonesia 1815 • What were the dates of eruption? The large particles spewed by the volcano fell to the ground nearby, covering towns with enough ash to collapse homes. 200. In April 2011 there were 37 shallow volcanic earthquakes recorded, 167 in May, 277 in June, 363 in July, and 141 from 1-29 August. Tambora volcano on Indonesia's Sumbawa Island produced of the world's largest historical eruption in April 1815. Around 71,000. Ash and Pumice found their way to neighboring islands as far as 10 miles away!9. Mount Tambora also erupted at least three times before 1815, in 3900 BC, 3050 BC and 740 AD. Mount Tambora (8°14’41”S, 117°59’35”E) is an active volcano in Indonesia.It is on top of a subduction zone. But … An estimated 150 cubic kilometers of tephra—exploded rock and ash—resulted, with ash from the eruption recognized at least 1,300 kilometers away to the northwest. It brought about the Year Without a Summer. Space Shuttle image of Tambora (false color) taken in May 1992. How many people died? The eruption was thought to be a battle starting from the townspeople’s perspective.8. 300. Indonesia is home to the world's largest-ever volcanic eruption — Mount Tambora in 1815, killing 100,000 people. Tambora is a lava dome volcano. NASA. In-text: (Andrews and Andrews, 2017) Your Bibliography: Andrews, T. … While the eruption (and aftermath) of Tambora has been credited with the loss of more than … That eruption was caused by the Java Trench System’s convergent plate boundary. Around 71,000. Visiting it … Stratovolcano. Tambora was taller before its explosive volcanic eruption in 1815. The massive Tambora stratovolcano forms the entire 60-km-wide Sanggar Peninsula on northern Sumbawa Island. Tourists can climb the volcano on the Mount Tambora Trail. In both 1819 and 1880 there was an eruption rated a 2 on the volcanic explosivity index (VEI). The volcano originally grew to about 4000 m elevation before a major explosion destroyed its summit and left a pre-1815 caldera more than 43,000 years ago. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Frankenstein. The eruption of Mount Tambora was intensified as the 1816 eruption came on the heels of several other volcanic explosions. What 2 cities are nearest to it? The most destructive explosion on earth in the past 10,000 years was the eruption of an obscure volcano in Indonesia called MountTambora. Its last eruption was in 1967, but its major eruption was in 1815. The 1815 eruption of Indonesia’s Mount Tambora volcano was the most powerful in almost two millennia. Eruption of the volcano at Mount Tambora in 1815 was the largest volcanic eruption of the 19th century. Mount Tambora … A small eruption occurred in 1967 and the volcano is still active today. How high was the tsunami that hit Indonesia's islands? Photo Courtesy: NASA The largest known volcanic eruption of the last 200 years, that of Tambora on Sumbawa Island, Indonesia, occurred in 1815. Alert level 3 was issued on 8th September 2011. Also known as a composite volcano, Tambora is a tall conical volcano (cone like structure) where layers of the walls are built by hardened lava and volcanic ash. A convergent plate boundary is when two tectonic plates collide and one goes beneath the other. On the U.S. Geological Survey’s Volcano Explosivity Index, Tambora scores a seven out of eight. Vast amounts of ash, traveling as far as 1,300 km (800 miles) away; Killed 71,000 people ten thousand of these were immediately killed from the pyroclastic flows . Volcano: Mount Tambora: Start date: 1815: Type: Ultra Plinian: Location: Sumbawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Dutch East Indies now Indonesia Coordinates: VEI: 7: Impact: Reduced global temperatures, with the following year, 1816, called the Year Without a Summer. 300. Mount Tambora is a large stratovolcano located on the island of Sumbawa, Indonesia. The caldera from the 1815 eruption is clearly visible. The volcano first rumbled to life in 1812. What famous story was written because of the 1815 eruption? Mount Tambora last erupted on the 10th of April 1815 and produced an eruption that rated 7 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) (8 is the highest). However I will try to keep it short and basic. The second of these eruptions involved lava flow and lava dome extrusion, while the first only had a central vent eruption and an explosive eruption. 300. 200. What type of volcano is it? 200. Mount Tambora's devastating eruption was not without warning.