One of the most interesting trees in the northeast Georgia forest is the Sourwood (Oxydendrum arboretum). Sourwood can also be shaped, which makes it a useful ornamental for the garden. Nectar production does depend entirely on weather conditions. Sourwood Tree Care. Sourwood Honey comes from the Sourwood tree (Oxydendrum arboreum) a member of the Ericaceae family, also called the Sour gum, Sorrel tree or Lily-of-the-Valley tree.This showy, USA native tree is the lone species of its genera. Cautions. Sourwood is a deciduous small tree that may grow 20 to 30 feet tall. These trees are known for their aesthetic beauty, especially in autumn, but they also fall into the category of least messy trees. Average Dried Weight: 38 lbs/ft 3 (610 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .61. Maple. Spruce. Their flowers are small, white and laden with pollen, akin to lilies-of-the-valley. Janka Hardness: 940 lb f (4,180 N) Modulus of Rupture: 11,600 lb f /in 2 (80.0 MPa) Avoid air-polluted environments. This small tree preforms well in cultivation and offers multi seasonal beauty so it's difficult to understand why they aren't used in home gardens more often. We are highlighting this species now because of recent blooming season that began in mid-June. Noteworthy Characteristics Oxydendrum arboreum, commonly called sourwood or sorrel tree, is a deciduous understory tree that is native to the eastern United States from Pennsylvania south to Florida and Louisiana. Finally, difficulty establishing this tree may also be due to the “temperamental nature of sourwood physiology.” Now, I know what my friend meant when she said the sourwood can be finicky to grow. The fruit is a small woody capsule. Save your tree from deer with this deer-deterring tree protector. The Sourwood grows well in the Southeastern United States in zones 5 to 9. Sourwood trees are also sensitive to air pollution, and they do not do well in urban areas. The tree’s colors rivaled any tree in bloom in the area, yet my friend disliked the tree because of the assured crabapple drop. 12 / 15. They rarely become really large trees. In Z5 it will grow even slower and may be severely damaged by temperatures in the -10 to -15 range. Sourwood flowers are very attractive to bees, and sourwood honey is common in the South. Sourwood trees have grayish bark with a faint red tinge. … Lacy strands of creamy berries show against the coloring leaves as well, adding graceful texture. It reflects the autumn sunlight light a like deep red gemstone. Soil Type: Prefers moist, peaty, acidic, well-drained soils. If so when should I prune the lower branches. Growing sourwood tree: Sourwood will be undaunted by pests, diseases, or minor cultural problems if it gets the well-drained, acid soil it requires. It grows to about 23 metres (75 feet) in height. Carsten Medom Madsen/Shutterstock . The centerpiece was a young tree with long, pendulous seed capsules hanging delicately from its branches. When you see them in the woods, they almost always seem to lean considerably as they age. and mulched until established. The leaves are spirally arranged, deciduous, 8-20 cm long and 4-9 cm broad, with a finely serrated margin; they are dark green in summer but turn vivid red in fall. It is best transplanted in spring, and kept well-watered. A mature sourwood tree stands 25' to 30' tall. Hailed as a tree for all seasons, the Sourwood is easy to care for; it thrives in a variety of conditions and is resilient against major pests. The foliage turns different shades of gold, crimson, and orange in the fall, while the new leaves that emerge in early spring will eventually offer plenty of shade in summer. I think they would look better trimmed. Sourwood is equally at home as a center piece or natural planting & is small enough to fit most city yards. The Sourwood is one of the loveliest ornamental trees out there and instantly creates a beautiful elegance for any property. The Sourwood tree grows 25 to 30 feet tall and 20 feet wide. In the early fall, the leaves start to turn, ultimately becoming a vibrant red before dropping from the tree. Tree height ranges down to about 20 feet as its native range edges are approached. The species is also frequently seen as a part of the oak-heath forests. Distribution: Southeastern United States. Sourwood is an attractive tree with white flowers in early summer and excellent fall color. I have two Sourwood trees growing. For the best fall coloration, it should be planted in full sun. Sourwood is a small tree or large shrub, growing to 10-20 m tall with a trunk up to 50 cm diameter. Arborvitae is an evergreen that comes in several varieties. Sourwood Don’t let the Sourwood’s name fool you; this tough shade tree produces sweetly fragrant blossoms and erupts in fiery fall colors, bursting with chromatism every summer and autumn. Should I skirt them as they grow to the ground and I have noticed moss under them. However, like many trees, it just barely slips into the edible range. Sourwood trees are one of the few trees that have no related species. Sourwood trees produce a fragrant flower in the early summer. Sourwood trees are difficult to transplant from the woods, but some tree nurseries carry a couple of newer cultivars. Black Locust. The tree is sensitive to root disturbance, pollution, salt, and alkaline soils. The sourwood tree (Oxydendrum arboreum), also called sorrel tree by some, is a medium-sized native tree with a mature height of 25-50’ and a spread of about 20’ which, once it is established, grows extremely well in our region. Sourwood Oxydendrum arboreum is one of our most beautiful native trees and a stand out in an ornamental landscape design. All common names: Sourwood, Sorrel tree, Lily-of-the-valley tree. In years when there isn’t enough good blossoms for honey jelly is an option. Common Name(s): Sourwood. Growing in the upland forests of the southeastern United States, it is most abundant in the Alleghenies and the Blue Ridge mountains. Its flowers take on the look of fingers hovering over a piano keyboard. Lastly, it’s also drought-tolerant so it’s great for beginners. The Sourwood is the sole species in the genus Oxydendrum. Making things worse, a lot of that land has been deforested over the years by coal mining companies. Scientific Name: Oxydendrum arboreum. The bitter-tasting leaves are alternate, stalked, rather oblong, and 12–20 cm (5–8 inches) long. The small blossoms can be used to make jelly, and the leaves chewed to quench thirst (chewed not swallowed. Arborvitae. Tree diameter averages 14-16 inches (n=11 sources). It is commonly found in the broader areas of the Appalachian Mountains. In the autumn Sourwood leaves and flowers are completely safe to eat in moderation. The tree has alternate leaves that are finely toothed and sour to the taste. It goes by some other names too, such as the sorrel tree, the elk tree, or the arrowwood tree. Flowering Dogwood. There are numerous types of dogwood trees, and the flowering variety is one commonly seen in gardens and landscapes, for good reason—it is attractive year-round. Sourwood is a beautiful small tree, well worth growing for its autumn color alone, but as bboy noted, it is not a fast growing species. I am in RI and above their natural habitat but they are doing great except for the base of the tree being full. Their love of the Sourwood tree. And while sourwood honey is famous, the tree has more to offer. Sourwood Tree, Oxydendrum arboretum By Gretchen Spencer, Fairfax Master Gardener I saw my first sourwood tree about two years ago when a neighbor landscaped the corner of her property. The trees are also messy, continually dropping leaves and sticks. Sourwood is one of many trees to provide the gold, scarlet & purple that dots our neighborhoods in fall. Its roots are shallow and easily disturbed, so plant from young, balled-and-burlapped stock. Sourwood in Bloom The Sourwood Tree is native to the Eastern United States and occupies a niche in our eastern forests. Sourwood Trees For Sale. The gorgeous sourwood tree (Oxydendrum arboretum), which is sometimes called the Lily-of-the-Valley tree or the Sorrel tree, is native to the Blue Ridge and Appalachian mountains of Tennessee, Virginia, South Carolina, western North Carolina, and north Georgia. Backyard With Medium Sourwood Tree. Sourwood is not fond of wet feet but will do well on most well drained sites. It's highly resistant to insect pests as well as disease. – trees need adequate sunlight in order to produce nectar – which is difficult because sourwood trees are often shorter than the tress that surround them – if the blooming is not good, honey bees will harvest nectar from other sources and thus the resulting honey will not be pure sourwood, but a multifloral one. Sourwood’s average height is 45-55 feet (n=22 sources). Conclusion. It is perhaps most commonly found on rocky wooded slopes in the Appalachian Mountains, often growing in combination with other heath family members (e.g., azaleas and … So try to limit your consumption to avoid unwanted side effects. But, note that in high amounts, the leaves can act as a laxative. Botanical name: Oxydendrum arboreum. From the Gulf Coast to southern Pennsylvania and west to the Mississippi River these trees are not uncommon. Family (English): Heath . How do you take care of a dogwood tree? It's recommended to plant a Sourwood Tree in the spring, and the most important thing to do is water the tree regularly until it grows. In early fall, sourwood is one of the first and finest trees to change color and will adorn your landscape with vibrant purplish-red leaves. Sourwood trees are predominant within eastern North America, from south of Pennsylvania to the northwest of Florida. The Least Messy Trees for your Yard. Sourwood trees grow in Zones 5 through 9 and do well in full sun through the partial shade. The bark is red-brown with deep vertical furrows that separate flat, pointed ridges. The sourwood sometimes grows … What to Avoid. I … Sourwood tree can grow in almost every type of soil, just make sure that the soil is well-drained. If the weather conditions aren’t hot/warm and relatively dry, the sourwood may not yield high enough levels of nectar to produce a monofloral sourwood honey. This is unfortunately not so. The fruits are persistent tiny brown capsules and will provide a distinctive outline for the leafless winter branches. The Sourwood tree is considered to be one of the best native trees - known for its beautiful yellow foliage. This tree requires an acid soil and thus can be difficult to grow in northern Illinois. Sourwood is a small to medium sized tree, but usually noticed as a small tree. Family (Botanic): Ericaceae. The botanical equivalent of operatic divas, sourwood trees (Oxydendrum arboreum) compensate for their temperamental quirks with four-season performance. Sourwood's wood is hard and has red-tinged brown heartwood and thick layers of pale sapwood. While Sourwood trees are most common in the mountains of the eastern U. S., they can be found scattered over much of the eastern part of the country. Chalk this one up with the weeping willow: a fine tree in the country or along a waterway, but not necessarily in your yard. Sourwood trees are uniformly good for honey bees when they are producing high volumes of nectar. They’re a laxative.) Lumber is used for tool handles and was once used to make wagon sled runners. Flowering Sourwood Tree In The Yard. Tree diameter ranges down to 7 inches as its native range edges are approached. Planting small, container-grown trees can increase transplant success. It's not too small and not too large. – the timing of bringing the hives should be perfect. Large Yard With Sourwood Tree . Being a native tree, One would think it should be easy to grow in the lawn or garden. In mid-summer, small, white, urn-shaped flowers mature on panicles. Characteristics: Just one species exists, Oxydendrum arboreum. Sourwood, (species Oxydendrum arboreum), deciduous ornamental tree, of the heath family (Ericaceae), native to southeastern North America. They kind of look like Christmas trees now. They are about 20 ft. high. 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