World rights reserved. Another identifying feature of perennial lawn grass is that it grows in clumps or bunches. Centipede grass is a low maintenance type of grass that grown well in warm zones. Blades are flat and gently taper to a point. Zoysia grass has stiff leaves that form dense, lush lawns and greens. Find out how to grow a new lawn or repair the one you have. Generally, the hardiest grasses for cold climates stay green even through harsh winters. Centipede grass forms thick sod that thrives in warm temperatures with very little maintenance. Kentucky bluegrass is common sod grass in colder and transitional areas. Due to the delicate grass leaves, it’s best not to grow fine fescue grass in high-traffic areas. Bermuda grass is a grayish-green color and has short flat blades with rough edges. The difference between tall fescue grass and fine fescue is the type of blades. Even in low moisture areas or in drought, the turfgrass retains its blue-green color. The costs to maintain a home lawn of bentgrass can be very costly due to the fungicides, insecticides, fertilizer, and expensive mowing equipment it requires. Growing in sunny locations, this fast-growing lawn grass quickly forms a dense mat of green. This is also a popular grass type of pastures. It’s one of the most versatile types of lawn grasses to grow in your yard. /en-us/library/grass-grass-seed/identify-your-grass, https://www.scotts.com/sites/g/files/oydgjc106/files/styles/large/public/asset_images/bentgrass_thumbnail.png?itok=LXR0gCk1, Although the grass may be greener on your side of the fence (. The broad blades measure between 0.16” and 0.4” (4 – 10mm) wide. Fine fescues are popular because of their shade tolerance. Blended grass seeds contain a variety of the same grass type while … This slow-growing, low-maintenance grass grows well in sandy coastal regions such as the Texas Gulf Coast. There are three types of fine fescue, and they all tend to stay green throughout the year. The turfgrass is drought-resistant and also holds up well under foot traffic. While there are several types of grass, they are generally broken down into two basic groups: cool-season grasses and warm-season grasses. Another way to identify the type of grass is by its new shoots that grow (stolons). Looking at images of the grass blades, you will notice fine ribs running the length of them. It is usually found in the South, but may grow as far north as Kansas City. However, you can quickly identify individual species of grass by examining them up close. There are about a dozen different grasses, and most lawns contain a mixture of them. Warm-season grasses species are suited to Southern states in the US. In some lawns, patches of tall fescue may stick out and appear as a grassy weed. There are many different turf varieties available to consumers in Australia. Perennial ryegrass is a cool season grass that will withstand some colder temperatures more than the grass types that have been mentioned above. The thin flat blades measure about 0.07” (2 mm) wide. It holds up against wear and tear, and is capable of repairing itself rather quickly due to its vigorous underground runners. And there are what are known as U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones throughout the United States that outline the general climate and planting standards used to … Growth: Grows low, almost horizontal to the ground, Water: Less than average; will go dormant quickly during a drought. that thrive in warm-weather regions, such as the Southern United States. Because it grows horizontally, it requires less mowing and is easy to edge around garden beds and sidewalks. This warm-season perennial lawn grass also goes by the name of devil’s grass, scutch grass, and dog’s tooth grass. The sod also grows in a wide range of soil types, making it suitable for warm-season lawn grass in many tropical areas. In this grass image: Zoysia japonica ‘Compadre’. As its name suggests, this lawn grass grows throughout the year and doesn’t need replanting. In North America, fescue is one of the most widespread pasture grasses for high-quality animal feed. Some of the cool grasses are more tolerant to some heat, and so are better suited in the south of the cool zone, or the transition zone on the map. Cool season grasses grow well in cooler temperatures, and usually the ideal temperature is between … However, it doesn’t have such a deep luscious green color as other types of lawn grass. It is often referred to as "Floratam," which is a variety of St. Augustine grass. The most common types of cool-season grasses are Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, fine fescue, and tall fescue. Name: Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila' Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. The right type of grass, planted in the right conditions, helps gardeners cultivate a healthy lawn, according to the National Gardening Association. The sod is used where low-maintenance, heat-tolerant, and drought-resistant lawns are required. Zones: 6-10. Different types of grasses require different temperatures, sunlight exposure and rainfall amounts, according to the University of California Agriculture and … This medium to … This dense lawn grass grows well in full sun and can also stand light to medium shade. Using seed species ensures you get better establishment and a healthier looking lawn. You need to plant Bermuda grass in areas with bright light and little shade. 26 Different Types of Ornamental Grass with Pictures and Basic Care Information Whether you have a large yard, a small patch of land to call a garden, or just a balcony to hang some container plants, you can find more than one ornamental grass variety to suit your needs. It is not at all tolerant of cold temperatures, and requires plenty of moisture for survival. It grows well from seed, and is a popular choice for sod farms in the North. It is resistant to deer and wet conditions and it has shiny yellow blades and fine green edges that elegantly reach towards the ground. However, due to its short growth, Buffalo grass tends to get weeds such as crabgrass and broadleaf weeds. The thin grass blades grow well in full sun and are also tolerant of medium shade. Its maintenance requirements (fertilizing, watering, mowing) are high. Also, when Ryegr… Usually, though, lawns fall into one of these two types: It’s important to know your grass type so you can take the best possible care of your lawn. Being a low-maintenance lawn grass, it is the choice of sod for many homeowners. Also, it leaves a "whitish" cast when mowed. Perennial ryegrass (zones 3-6)—Look for thin shiny green leaves on this low-maintenance lawn grass. that do best with extreme temperature fluctuations, such as those found in the North, Northeast, and Pacific Northwest. Bermuda grass is a fast-growing type of grass. How can you know what to pick? Whether you are just starting out, maintaining or troubleshooting, you'll find advice and answers here for all your lawn care needs. The result is a dense turfgrass that resists a lot of foot traffic. Grass blades are hairless and measure up to 0.23” (6 mm) wide. The best climate to plant buffalo grass in a yard is in high sun, low rainfall areas. Fine fescue grass has some of the narrowest blades of grass with leaves being less than 1.5 mm wide. It is important to choose a grass suited to the climate and environment where it will grow. Soft Leaf Buffalo. Characteristics: Warm-season grass - fine to medium leaf texture, dark green, dense and low growing via rhizomes and stolons some varieties tolerate very low maintenance, while others produce lawns of exceptional beauty when given extra care - root system is extensive and very deep. They will die or go severely dormant in snowbound communities. Grass Varieties BERMUDAGRASS. It has a deep, green color and excellent texture. You'll often find the seeds of these grass types mixed together for different needs and uses, such as high traffic, sunny, or dense shade conditions. Warm-season grasses are characterized by being drought- and heat-resistant and they grow well in full sun. It is primarily found in cool-season areas of the North, but may not survive as far north as Minnesota, Wisconsin, or Canada. These hardy grasses have broad blades and grow well in the sun or shade. Related: Types of Bermuda Grass | Types of Lawn Tools | Types of Yard Grass | Alternatives to Grass for Backyards Aurea (Carex elata). Ryegrass has both perennial and annual types. Bahiagrass is a low-growing grass that spreads via creeping stolons. Bentgrass can be found on most golf courses in the Northern U.S. In some cases, like dichondra, your lawns may not be a grass at all. Perennial ryegrass is a popular cold season grass suitable for lawns and golf courses. Identifying the kind of grass you have is done by examining the width of its blade, its shape, and the type of blade tips. Lush green sod grass isn’t just useful for beautiful yards and gardens; hardy, robust kinds of grass are suitable for sports fields, golf courses, and parks. St. Augustine grass (zones 8-10)—This heat-tolerant grass has blades of a bluish-green color and coarse texture. Turf grasses fall into two basic categories: Warm-season grasses thrive in warmer climates, such as the southern, southeast and Gulf Coast regions of … Fine fescue is one type of cold season grass that is a common ornamental or turfgrass. Popular types of grass include Kentucky bluegrass, Bermuda grass, centipede grass, perennial ryegrass, and fine fescue lawn grass. Looking up close at the leaves, you’ll notice that they curl at the tips. It grows in bunches, and is therefore not used very often in seed mixes. Perennial ryegrass is a fast-growing grass that quickly grows from seed. Warm-season grasses survive easily in the southern environments while the cold season grasses thrive more in the northern climates. If you live near coastal areas, it is better to plant St. Augustine or Bermuda grass because those grass species are more resistant to salt. Typically a cool-season type, tall fescue can also be found in hotter regions due to its ability to tolerate heat. When cutting Ryegrass with a sharp blade, a white color is left on top of each blade of grass. Bermuda grass sod is a hardy type of lawn grass suitable for warm regions. The growth period for these cold-hardy grass types is in fall and spring. It is a bunchgrass often used in athletic fields because it can withstand heavy use and foot traffic. Because tall fescue grass tolerates heat, cold, drought, and shade, it is suitable for most yards. Tall fescue has broader leaves and is hardier than fine fescue grass. That, says our resident lawn and garden expert Ashton Ritchie, is why some yards are brown in winter and some are green. Buffalo is a hardy grass that grows well in the sun and shade, whereas LM Berea is well suited for shady areas. What grass type is in my lawn? Some turfgrasses are drought-tolerant grasses, while other types of grasses may be salt-tolerant or resistant to pests and weeds. 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